Edge data centres are the next frontier in pandemic-driven growth
Few industries have had their reputations enhanced by the Covid-19 pandemic, but the data centre sector has thrived while lockdowns have disrupted the rhythms of normal life.
The coronavirus crisis has highlighted the vital importance of data centres. Their provided cloud services have allowed remote workers to collaborate with colleagues, provided entertainment for locked-down citizens, delivered online learning, and enabled everyone to shop online.
It is hyperscale data centres from companies such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google that are the current drivers of the growing data centre sector. In the future, however, it may be another type of data centre: edge data centres.
Managing the data explosion
The data centre sector faces an explosion in the amount of data generated by people and organisations. According to the World Economic Forum, 463 exabytes of data will be created every day by 2025. It is estimated that 90% of the world’s data has been generated in the last two years alone.
Companies are collecting ever more data as they hurry to digitally transform their businesses. As the volume of data produced increases, so too does the amount of data that needs to be processed and stored. The need for more data analysis and action, with new insights emerging, drives more data creation and, consequently, more data analysis.
Organisations are rethinking their data processing strategies and considering whether they can run applications and processing tasks closer to customers or data collection points.
The rise of edge data centers
Edge data centres, a new type of data centre still in its infancy, are smaller facilities located closer to the edge of the network and to the devices that generate data. The constant challenge of meeting the growing demand for speed or bandwidth and lowering or eliminating processing latency has driven the evolution of edge computing to address the needs of always-connected customers.
An edge data centre is a self-functioning data centre that holds localised IT deployments for cloud services, with compute, storage, and analytics resources for application processing and data caching. By filtering and processing data close to the source, low-cost edge centres can help close the potential 64 zettabyte gap between global data centre traffic and the amount of useable data created.
FedEx and Walmart walk close to the edge
It is very early days to predict who will be leaders in edge data centres. The market is likely to split into edge data infrastructure and edge data centre service providers.
Two unlikely companies are taking tentative steps into the edge data centre arena: logistics specialist FedEx and retail giant Walmart. FedEx is working with Dell Technologies and data centre provider Switch to set up edge computing facilities and charge other companies for using that infrastructure to run their applications closer to their end-users to reduce network latency.
Another pioneer is Walmart, which plans to transform some of its stores into edge computing centres, allowing retailers to rent out data centre processing power to local customers, including the autonomous vehicles and drone industries.
If FedEx and Walmart can spot early opportunities around edge computing and edge data centres, other similar large-scale users will likely follow their lead and move to the edge.
Ultimately, what edge data centres offer is the ability to process data and services as close to the end-user as possible, allowing organisations to reduce latency, deliver improved performance, and reduce data transport costs.
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